Tag Archives: OSX

WebTide (tidal prediction) installation (OSX)

Abstract.This blog item explains how to install WebTide, a tidal prediction application, on an OSX machine. The work requires moderate expertise, being carried out in the console, and requiring that a C compiler be found on the host machine.

1. Introduction

WebTide comes with a friendly graphical user interface that makes it easy to get tidal predictions at various locations around the world. Anyone with an interest in oceanography is likely to find it a useful application. Although the interface is slightly quirky (particularly for map navigation), it only takes a few minutes to learn. (An upcoming blog entry will explain how to avoid the WebTide interface, using the oce R package to access the data that underly WebTide.)

2. Installation

  1. Download the “linux without Java VM” version from the Bedford Institute of Oceanography website, and store the results in the ~/Downloads directory.

  2. Open a terminal or console window, and type the following to enter the WebTide directory and start the process of installing WebTide.

    cd ~/Downloads
    sh WebTide_unix_0_7.sh

    After a moment, a dialog box will pop up, asking where WebTide is to be installed. To install a version just for you, supply /Users/USERNAME/WebTide, where USERNAME is your username. To install a version for all accounts on the computer, use the default, which is /usr/local/WebTide. A second dialog box addresses the issue of symlinks. Click the box indicating that these are not to be used. After a few moments, a final dialog box will appear, stating that the work has been completed. Click the button named “Finish”.

  3. Next comes the OSX-specific part of the work. You will need the gcc compiler to do this. It is available for free on the Apple website, as the Xcode development tools. (If you have been using the computer for science, it is quite likely you have already installed a compiler, so just try the steps below, before bothering with a re-install of Xcode.) In a console, type the following to enter the source directory (here assumed to be configured for a single user) and to compile two programs.

    cd ~/WebTide/Tidecor_src
    gcc -O2 -o tidecor webtidecor2.5.1.c -lm
    gcc -O2 -o constituentinterpolator constituentinterpolator1.1.c -lm

    In the two gcc lines shown above, it may be necessary to change the names of the ".c" files, to match whatever you find in this tidecor_src directory. You may ignore the warning messages that are likely to appear, but if errors appear, you will need to interrupt this tutorial to find out what is wrong. Possibly leaving a comment on this site would encourage another reader to offer a solution; possibly the scientists at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography (named on the website) could help.

  4. Finally, move these newly-compiled programs from the source directory into the bin directory, by typing

    mv tidecor ../bin
    mv constituentinterpolator ../bin

3. Using WebTide

If you installed WebTide to your home directory, launch WebTide by typing the following in a console window


and use the GUI from that point on. If you installed it to /usr/local/WebTide, type the following instead


The main WebTide window looks like the following.

A WebTide map, showing a marker in the Bay of Fundy (see also the sea-level elevation diagram)

A WebTide map, showing a marker in the Bay of Fundy (see also the sea-level elevation diagram)

There is little point in explaining the details of the menu and mouse actions here, since WebTide provides its own documentation. In most cases, the action will be to click the mouse on spot on the map, to set a so-called “marker” for a location at which calculations are to be done. The diagram shown here has a marker in the Bay of Fundy. Once a marker has been set, the user may wish to click a menu item (see at the right-hand side) to get a tidal prediction, as shown in the screenshot below.

A WebTide prediction of sea-level elevation

A WebTide prediction of sea-level elevation